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Sheep Goat and Wool Development
 

Sheep with its multi faceted utility for wool, meat and skin form an important component of rural economy for the highlander of Arunachal Pradesh. Arunachal Pradesh boast of the only state in North Eastern India having indigenous breed of Sheeps called Bonpala and Tibetan in origin with 19889 numbers of sheep's. The sheep found in Arunachal Pradesh are low wool producers; the wool production in the state however stands at the remotest low level of 58000 kg per annum. Large number of carpet weavers and wool cooperative societies are operating at Tawang, West Kameng, East Kameng, West Siang and Dibang valley and the demand for wool is high. There are about 30 cooperative societies involved in carpet industry in the state and the carpets of the state is regarded one of the finest.

A Regional Sheep Breeding Farm (RSBF) was established during 1974 with a stock of 35 and was the only nodal centre for supply of superior sheep breeds to the farmers of the region for cross breeding programme. From time to time more sheep breeds were introduced with Rambouilet and by importing 50 nos. of Russian Merino sheep from USSR in the year 1977. The farm now produces only around 100 kgs of wool per annum from a stock of 184 sheep which also caters the nominal requirement of coarse wool as well as imparts training in sheep rearing and wool extensions. There are 7 wool extension centres namely Mukto, Thimbu, Tawang, Zemithang in Tawang district and Dirang, Mandlaphudung and Nykmadung in West Kameng district.